It is a new method for gardening in the interior and exterior of buildings. In this method, plants are cultivated on the walls and vertical surfaces, and in this way, a beautiful and relaxing green space is created in the interior and exterior of buildings.
What is the Green Wall?
A green wall, also known as a living wall or vertical garden, is a wall garden system that allows you to grow plants vertically instead of horizontally in traditional gardens. Green walls are an innovative way to bring nature into indoor and outdoor spaces, while providing multiple benefits such as improving air quality, reducing energy consumption, and creating a visually appealing environment.
There are two main types of green walls: living walls and green facades. Living walls are self-sustaining systems that combine soil and a hydroponic system to support plant growth, while green facades include climbing plants that attach themselves to a wall or curtain.
Green walls can be installed both indoors and outdoors and can be customized to fit any space and design. They can be made from a variety of materials, including metal, wood, and plastic, and can be designed to incorporate a wide variety of plant species, from ferns and mosses to flowers and vegetables.
In addition to aesthetic appeal, green walls also bring many environmental benefits. They can help improve air quality by filtering pollutants and producing oxygen, reduce energy consumption by providing insulation, and help reduce the urban heat island effect by providing shade and cooling.
Green walls also offer numerous health benefits, such as reducing stress and anxiety, improving cognitive function, and increasing overall well-being. They can also provide food and habitat for pollinators such as bees and butterflies.
Overall, green walls are an innovative and sustainable way to incorporate nature indoors and outdoors, while providing numerous environmental and health benefits.
Advantages of the Green Walls
1. Improving indoor air quality
Plants in the green wall absorb carbon dioxide and convert it into oxygen, thus improving indoor air quality.
2. Reducing urban heat
Plants in the green wall reduce urban heat by absorbing sunlight and converting it into thermal energy.
3. Relaxing and improving the mood
The green space created in the green wall relaxes and improves the mood of people and can be a therapy against stress and anxiety.
4. Saving water consumption
By planting plants in the green wall, you can experience saving water consumption, because planting plants in stressed soils allows for the least possible water consumption.
5. Beautification and design appropriate to the space of the building
The green wall creates a beautiful space and can be added to its beauty by design appropriate to the space of the building.
How to implement the green wall is as follows
- The type of plant to be grown in the green wall should be selected according to environmental conditions such as light, humidity and temperature.
- To implement the green wall, different systems can be used, such as the use of fireproof bed, stressed soil, hydroponic system, etc.
- In order for plants to grow in the green wall, they need moisture and regular watering, so proper irrigation systems should be considered for the green wall.
- Before planting plants in the green wall, the wall should be covered with a layer of fireproof substrate and then a layer of soil should be placed on top of it.
- To grow plants in the green wall, you should start from the bottom and go up gradually.
- To have a green wall with a beautiful appearance, you should use plants with various colors and shapes and consider a suitable design for the green wall.
- To maintain and maintain the green wall, it should be watered regularly and the plants that are out of growth should be replaced.