The facade of the building is one of the most important factors that influence the attractiveness and exterior beauty of a building. It is necessary to follow the principles of engineering and architecture in the design of the facade so that not only the external beauty of the building is maximized, but also the safety and strength of the building is maintained.
Among the important principles in facade design, the following can be mentioned:
1. Compliance with environmental conditions
The facade of the building must be compatible with environmental conditions. This means that among the factors that should be considered in the design of the facade are the weather conditions and the topography of the region. For example, in areas with hot and dry climate, it is not appropriate to use cold and dark colors in the facade of the building.
2. Safety and strength of the building
The facade of the building must be designed in such a way as to maintain the safety and strength of the building. For example, in areas with high seismicity, structures such as towers must be designed to withstand earthquakes.
3. Balance between beauty and practicality
The design of the facade of the building should be such that on the one hand it preserves the external beauty of the building and on the other hand, it improves the practicality of the building. For example, the use of large windows in the facade of the building improves the exterior beauty of the building and at the same time, brings natural light and air into the building.
4. Using the right materials
The use of the right materials in the design of the facade is one of the factors that affect the beauty and strength of the building. For example, the use of marble in the facade of the building gives the building a special beauty and also improves the strength of the building.
Finally, following the principles of engineering and architecture in facade design is one of the factors that can improve the beauty and strength of the building. In order to achieve a suitable view, it is better to work with experienced engineers and architects to design a beautiful and efficient view for your building according to the environmental conditions, user needs and your taste.
Types of the facade of the building
The facade of the building is divided into several categories according to the design and type of materials used in it. Below are some types of building facades:
Concrete building facades
These facades include reinforced concrete surfaces, concrete coating and concrete covered with different coatings such as stone and glass.
Building facades made of stone
These facades include natural stones such as limestone, granite, shale, ornamental stones, etc., as well as travertine and marble stones.
Building facades made of glass
These facades include the use of different glasses in the facade covering. These views can be transparent or semi-transparent.
Building facades made of wood
These facades include the use of wood covering in the facade of the building. These facades are usually used in rural buildings and modern designs.
Each of the above types of building facades has its own advantages and disadvantages. It is better to consider factors such as environmental conditions, users’ needs, strength of the building and external beauty of the building and cooperate with experienced engineers and architects in choosing the right facade for the building.